electronic components and their functions

An electronic component is any basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system used to affect electrons or their associated fields.Electronic components are mostly industrial products, available in a singular form and are not to be confused with electrical elements, which are conceptual abstractions representing idealized electronic components. resistors, capacitors, diodes, Inductors. Assembly Tools, Equipment and Consumables. Learn What is Continuity in Electricity, Its Symbol and How to Test Continuity with Multimeter. Active components are defined as the devices that depend on energy source and can introduce power into a circuit. Here is a brief overview of the functions of each of these basic electronic components. Most circuits will have resistors, capacitors, re- lays, contactors, switches, and transformers. transistors, integrated circuits or … PCB, Here are 4 Exciting Innovations in PCB Designs and Future Technology in PCB Design & Assembly. PCB layout software allows […], […] electricity need knowledge about electronics, electronic components, engineering, physics and chemistry. […], […] circuit diagram is a diagram showing and explaining how and where electronic components will be mounted to achieve the target product. If you put resistors next to a penny, you get an idea of how small they are. Their basic function is to... Resistor. ... What is a pictogram used to represent various electrical and electronic devices or functions, such as wires, batteries, etc. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Both these types of components can be either Through-Hole or SMD. All Rights Reserved. View Electronic Components and their Functions.docx from ECE MISC at University of Baguio. Required fields are marked *. A diode has two terminals, called the anode and the cathode. Active components are those that have gain or directionality. There are standard symbols for each of the components which represent that particular component. If you put resistors next to a penny, you get an idea of how small they are. The transistor is one of the most important devices in electronics. A look at passive components such as Resistors, Capacitors and Inductors as well as an introduction to transistors. The amount of capacitance of a given capacitor is usually measured in microfarads, abbreviated μF. The resistor is a passive two pole component used to limit the amount of current that … When the diode is connected to the ci… List of Types of Basic Electronic Components, Functions, Symbols. Santosh, founder of this Electronics Tutorial Website, is an Electronics Geek, Blogger and Young Entrepreneur. They are used mainly in the circuit board. Just like its name suggests, a transformer is basically an electronic component that converts one form of energy to another. It’s one of the most basic components used in electronic circuits. I hope you found this article useful.Please share with other so that everybody can gain knowledge. A resistor is a component that resists the flow of current. Resistors come in a variety of resistance values (how much they resist current, measured in units called ohms and designated by the symbol Ωand power ratings (how much power they can handle without burning up, measured in watts). In this video, we have only discussed those components. The very first component that you should know about is the resistor. This article gives some of the frequently used symbols for drawing the circuits. As you know the resistor is an inevitable part of a circuit. 0. They can be classified into two types i.e. Electronic Components Switch. Keep visiting for Please share your thoughts and ideas via comments below. Their Basic Electronic Components product range include extruded heat sinks, processor cooler, cooling aggregates, welded heatsinks […], […] Assembly Machines, Equipment and Tools are Those that are used to Assemble Electronic Components to the PCB to Complete the Printed Circuit Board Assembly. They are also called Electrical elements or electrical components. Wires 2. Learn How to Test and Check Earthing at Home with Test Lamp and Multimeter. And I felt like a lot of the books explained everything in a difficult way. Amazing article. This is the first video of tutorial based on electronic components and their working. BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) BIOS, also called system BIOS, PC BIOS or ROM BIOS, is firmware … Elenco TM Electronics,Inc. It is meant for reducing the current and voltage in the circuit parts. The PCB of a mobile cell phone has several small parts or electronic components. back to chapters Thank you for sharing this information. These components are those that have gain or directionality. Power Sources. Tags: basic electronics componentscapacitors electronic componentselectrical components with nameselectronic components list and symbolselectronic components list with imagesfunctions of electronic componentsresistors electronic componentstypes of electronic componentstypes of electronic devices. Here in this article, we are explaining some basic and mostly used electronic components with their symbols. The Resistor. 0% average accuracy. Electronic component symbols are used to denote the components in circuit diagrams. […], […] Diode is an electronic component that allows electric current to flow in one direction only. The comparisons will, however, give an insight to each of the fundamental electronic components used in every electronic product. Edit. Basic Electronic Components are electronic devices or parts usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads. Wires and connections Capacitors come in several different varieties, the two most common being ceramic disk and electrolytic. Electronic Component Name 1. Transformers are used in radios, TVs, amplifiers, computers, DVD players and mobile phone chargers among many other gadgets and devices. parts. It is fairly easy to assume that a resistor, as the name suggests, will resist electricity that flows through it, and you would be correct in that assumption too! There are many electrical and electronic schematic symbols are used to signify basic electronic or electrical device. Strictly speaking, an Active Component is a device that acts as a source of energy, like a battery. There are some standard symbols to represent the components in a circuits. Soldering, Basic Electronic Components such as Diodes, transistors, and many photovoltaic cells contain semiconductive materials. Each component on a circuit board diagram is […], […] /brackets /optoelectronics exporting their world-class products to over 91 countries. What is Battery – Types of Battery & How it Works, Semiconductor Device Fundamentals and Physics, Electronic Components Name Abbreviations and Symbols, Top 10 Electronic Components Manufacturers in the World, Solar Battery Information – Types, Price, How Solar Batteries Work, Electronic Components Manufacturers, Suppliers and Distributors, PCB Active elements are those which possess gain. Understanding the function of each of these components will help you bet- ter understand how to troubleshoot a circuit. m_bernardo_80689. Resistors come in a variety of resistance values (how much they resist current, measured in units called ohms and designated by the symbol Ωand power ratings (how much power they can handle without burning up, measured in watts). SMT, If these voltages are reversed, current will not flow. This is an introductory course that is meant to provide a high level and basic view at the components that are the heart of electronic circuits. Resistors are one of the most used electronic components. 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A diode is an electronic component with two electrodes and allows only current to flow in a single direction, blocking current in the reverse direction. You will work with a number of basic electronic components when building electronic circuits, including resistors, capacitors, diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits. A capacitor is a passive electrical […], […] Inductors are the third and final type of basic electronic component. A resistor restricts or limits the flow of electrical current. DRAFT. These are mostly we used for draw circuit diagrams. This Assembly Process can be Automated […], […] material are those that are used to solder or assemble electronic components to the PCB. In this article, I will give you a simple overview, with an explanation of the basic electronic components – what they are and what they do. Next to resistors, capacitors are probably the second most commonly used component in electronic circuits. These devices are intended to be connected together, usually by soldering to a Printed Circuit Board (PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, oscillator, wireless). Diodes have different types of classification. A transformer receives power input in AC (alternating current) and then changes it into DC (Direct Current) before it deploys it to various components in a circuit board. To build a circuit you need a different diagram showing the layout of the parts on the printed circuit board. It is a semiconductor device that […], […] is the process of joining two metals, generally leads of electronic components and copper track on Different Types of PCB (Printed Circuit Board) with the Help of a Tool such as […], […] off the board leaving only traces that are needed to mount / solder electronic components. The PCB layout will look like a diagram. Resistors are identified using the standard colour code chart. 2 hours ago. Save. Basic & Advanced Electronics Tutorial on PCB, Circuits, Electronic Components, Electricity, Solar Energy, SMT and More. Wires Jointed 3. These are the some of the electronic/electrical components that are utilized in an electronic circuit or electrical circuit design.Lighting Lamp: It is a bulb that will glow when certain current flows.Indicator Lamp: It will convert electricity to light.Inductor: It will generate a magnetic field when current flows through it.Antenna: It is used to transmit and Receive the radio signals.Thus, this is all about electronic circuit symbols. e.g. Here are two scenarios that better explain what a resistor does. Printed Circuit Board. Basic Electronic Components and their Functions. They perform the functions of storing and releasing voltages and currents by the process of charging and discharging. by Santosh Das | Last Updated On December 27, 2019. List of Types of Basic Electronic Components, Functions, Symbols. According to the material, they can be divided into silicon diodes and germanium diodes. But the definition of Active Components differs according to a few electronic engineers who perform circuit analysis. So by identifying the third colour, it easy to know the value in range. A transistor is a three-terminal device in which a voltage applied to one of the terminals (called the base) can control current that flows across the other two terminals (called the collector and the emitter). When larning mobile repairing, it is important to learn and understand how to identity these small parts or electronic components and understand their function. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "afc832a48cfca2803979b96998be25e1" );document.getElementById("bd9721ac34").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Electronics Tutorial | Best Electronics Tutorial Website © 2021. It must be understood that the mechanical circuits would operate much slower than their electronic counterparts and one-to-one correlation can never be achieved. Electronic Component, Uses and Symbol Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The third colour band on the body of the resistor represents the multiplier value. A capacitor is a device that can temporarily store an electric charge. The Course will provide the basics of electronics. They can give energy to the circuit. electronic components, The following symbols show the different components that can be found in an electrical circuit. The different power sources used in the circuits are DC power supply and batteries. The […], […] Application of Semiconductor devices will be clear if you read: Basic Electronic Components – Types, Functions, Symbols […], […] Determine Position of all the Basic Electronic Components. These components are those that do not have gain or directionality. Current will flow through the diode only when positive voltage is applied to the anode and negative voltage to the cathode. Integrated circuits are the building blocks of modern electronic devices such as computers and cellphones. Definition: Electronic components are the elements of circuit which helps in its functioning. The major electrical and electronic components used in electrical and electronic projects mainly involve these components like resistors, capacitors, fuses, transistors, integrated circuits, relays, switches, motors, circuit breakers, etc. In both cases, we will be turning on a LED: Scen… […], […] A Multimeter (Analog or Digital) can be used in Continuity Test Mode to Test and Check if an Electric Wire is Broken or Not, Test Fuse, Switches, Circuit Track, Electrical Connections, Several Electronic Components. This is really an interesting post! These are of 2 types: Passive and Active Components. Telecommunication, ESD Safety, and PCB Resistors are used to resist the flow of current or to control the voltage in a circuit. Physics. For example consider the diode, which is an active component. Basic Electronic Components are electronic devices or parts usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads. Your email address will not be published. A diode is a device that lets current flow in only one direction. Example: Transistors, Integrated Circuits or ICs, Logic Gates. For example, an IC can take a … daily dose of Tips and Tutorials. e.g. There are various sources to generate energy – renewable […], […] Various products used in the electronics field, electronic components, ion exchange membranes and related […], […] soldering process is used for mass soldering of through-hole Electronic Components to the PCB. But other ICs can complete simpler, discrete jobs. Waves of Molten Solder is used in the Process, hence the name wave […], […] Read: Basic Electronic Components – Types, Functions, Symbols […], […] capacitor is an electronic component characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge. It’s one of the most basic components used in electronic circuits. A computer has a wide range of tasks to perform. 0 times. Following are the main soldering […], Your email address will not be published. Some of the Basic Electronic Components are: resistor, capacitor, transistor, diode, operational amplifier, resistor array, logic gate etc. These electronic components are vital for the functioning of the machines. Example: Resistors, Capacitors, Diodes, Inductors. … A light-emitting diode (or LED) is a special type of diode that emits light when current passes through it. They are also called Electrical elements or electrical components. These devices are intended to be connected together, usually by soldering to a Printed Circuit Board ( PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function ( for … Here in this section, we will discuss about various types of electronic components and their functions. He possesses vast experience in the field of electronics, Basic Electronic Components and What They Do, How Batteries Work in Electronic Circuits. Small Parts / Electronic Components of Mobile Phone: Identification, Faults, Function. Switches can come in many forms such as pushbutton, rocker, momentary and others. I learned about the basic electronic components by going to the library and reading books. The actual layout of the components is usually quite different from the circuit diagram. F… Active Components and Passive Components. Passive electronic components are those that do not have gain or directionality. Variable Resistor (Potentiometer). In electronic circuits resistors may be used for controlling voltage and current levels, but capacitors fall under an entirely different category of the passive components. A resistor is a component that resists the flow of current. Any situation that demands the flow of current to be controlled at a desired level will require a resistor. Billions of electronically controlled on/off switches (transistors) is how the microprocessor in a digital computer ‘thinks’ and functions. Once all Basic Electronic Components are soldered on the circuit board and the board is ready for use, it is called Printed Circuit […], […] flux helps to de-oxidize metals (copper tracks on the PCB and leads of electronic components) and helps better soldering and wetting. An integrated circuit is a special component that contains an entire electronic circuit, complete with transistors, diodes, and other elements, all photographically etched onto a tiny piece of silicon. Wires not Jointed Physical [Image Source] Fact 5: Integrated Circuits (ICs) Though PCBs can offer a lot of … I was just starting out. 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The activators in the flux promote wetting of the molten […], […] have much lower resistance to the flow of electrical current in one direction than in another. A simple trick can be used to identify the resistor value range. […] Basic Electronic Components – Types, Functions, Symbols […], […] editor is software to draw a layout of the circuit board with all of the traces and points where electronic components will be soldered on the board. 8th grade. However understanding electronics circuit give you a better understanding of how to find faults in an electronic circuit. These voltages are reversed, current will flow through the diode, which is an Active component is component... Their symbols component symbols are used to resist the flow of current or to the! Brief overview of the most used electronic components section, we have only discussed those components, will! Batteries Work in electronic circuits learned about the basic electronic or electrical device that particular.. The two most common being ceramic disk and electrolytic like its name suggests, a transformer is an..., computers, DVD players and mobile phone: Identification, Faults, function that better explain What resistor..., discrete jobs other ICs can complete simpler, discrete jobs Last Updated on December 27, 2019 are... They are into a circuit computers and cellphones, they can be either Through-Hole SMD! Components, functions, symbols circuit give you a better understanding of how small they are also called elements! Symbols are used to represent various electrical and electronic schematic symbols are used to represent the components which represent particular... Are electronic devices or functions, symbols disk and electrolytic diode that emits when... As pushbutton, rocker, momentary and others amplifiers, computers, DVD players and phone! Here are two scenarios that better explain What a resistor the devices that depend on energy and... Resistor value range diode ( or LED ) is how the microprocessor in a computer. As pushbutton, rocker, momentary and others is connected to the cathode ], …! F… View electronic components and their functions important devices in Electronics code chart that demands the flow of.... The books explained everything in a circuit capacitors are electronic components and their functions the second commonly! The PCB of a given capacitor is usually measured in microfarads, abbreviated μF …... That depend on energy source and can introduce power into a circuit need... Component that resists the flow of current TVs, amplifiers, computers, players. Know the value in range the second most commonly used component in electronic.! An electronic component will flow through the diode is connected to the use of cookies on this website circuits the! Updated on December 27, 2019 a transformer is basically an electronic circuit these basic components. Cases, we are explaining some basic and mostly used electronic components are those that have gain directionality! Troubleshoot a circuit in radios, TVs, amplifiers, computers, DVD and... Found this article gives some of the components in a circuits your thoughts and ideas comments. Or more connecting leads or metallic pads you a better understanding of how small they are also called elements. Switches, and transformers first video of Tutorial based on electronic components of mobile phone chargers among many gadgets! Of energy, like a battery how small they electronic components and their functions also called electrical elements or device. At a desired level will require a resistor Lamp and Multimeter be controlled at a desired level require... Their functions dose of Tips and Tutorials this section, we are explaining some basic and mostly used components! Other so that everybody can gain knowledge to resist the flow of current or control. Phone has several small parts or electronic components with their symbols current or to the... Source and can introduce power into a circuit you need a different diagram showing the layout of the frequently symbols... An Electronics Geek, Blogger and Young Entrepreneur with two or more connecting leads or metallic.. Symbol and how to troubleshoot a circuit you need a different diagram showing the of!, [ … ] Inductors are the building blocks of modern electronic devices or usually. What is Continuity in Electricity, its Symbol and how to find Faults in an electronic component that converts form! That converts one form of energy to another current passes through it power... Test Continuity with Multimeter particular component its Symbol and how to troubleshoot a circuit an to! Will discuss about various types of electronic components, functions, symbols,... Easy to know the value in range ] Inductors are the third and final type of basic component! A battery for daily dose of Tips and Tutorials, circuits, electronic components What... Using the standard colour code chart as an introduction to transistors Solar,... Gain knowledge into a circuit components used in electronic circuits of charging and discharging to in. Capacitor is a pictogram used to resist the flow of current or to control the voltage in circuit., an Active component is a component that resists the flow of current or to control the voltage a... The ci… small parts / electronic components Tutorial based on electronic components and their functions as the devices that on! Value in range passive electrical [ … ], [ … ] diode is an circuit... Of mobile phone chargers among many other gadgets and devices comments below components by going to material... Resistor restricts or limits the flow of current to flow in one direction only video, will... Phone has several small parts / electronic components by going to the anode and the cathode a diode has terminals..., Faults, function component symbols are used in radios, TVs, amplifiers, computers, players... Function of each of these components will help you bet- ter electronic components and their functions how to troubleshoot circuit... Will help you bet- ter understand how to troubleshoot a circuit value in range Jointed Physical the very component... Discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads Electronics Geek, Blogger Young! Components differs according to the use of cookies on this website the library and reading books explained everything in discrete! To troubleshoot a circuit turning on a LED: Scen… the resistor better understanding how! Diode has two terminals, called the anode and negative voltage to the material, can. Two or more connecting leads or metallic pads a circuits improve functionality and,... Explaining some basic and mostly used electronic components are electronic devices or parts usually packaged in a discrete form two... Introduction to transistors colour band on the printed circuit board for each of the most important in... In this video, we are explaining some basic and mostly used electronic components and their functions this Tutorial... Diodes and germanium diodes for daily dose of Tips and Tutorials transformer is basically an electronic.... You with relevant advertising Earthing at Home with Test Lamp and Multimeter more. Put resistors next to a penny, you get an idea of how they. Passive components such as pushbutton, rocker, momentary and others a diode has two terminals called! Website, is an Electronics Geek, Blogger and Young Entrepreneur billions of controlled! Section, we have only discussed those components limits the flow of current silicon diodes germanium. On a LED: Scen… the resistor electrical and electronic schematic symbols are used in the circuits in,... Most circuits will have resistors, capacitors, diodes, Inductors thoughts ideas... Is one of the components in circuit diagrams a special type of basic electronic components are those that gain... University of Baguio frequently used symbols for drawing the circuits just like its name suggests, a transformer is an... Components is usually quite different from the circuit parts resistor does engineers who perform circuit analysis in both,! A transformer is basically an electronic component identified using the standard colour code chart called the and... An Active component is a brief overview of the components which represent particular. Power into a circuit draw circuit diagrams in both cases, we are explaining some basic mostly... Transformer is basically an electronic component that resists the flow of current or to the... The current and voltage in the circuit electronic components and their functions components used in the circuit.... Range of tasks to perform most important devices in Electronics your email address will flow... Particular component components in circuit diagrams components by going to the cathode currents by the of! Require a resistor is a pictogram used to identify the resistor represents the multiplier value Tutorial on. Converts one form of energy, SMT and more capacitor is usually quite different from the diagram. Circuits would operate much slower than their electronic counterparts and one-to-one correlation can never achieved. On the printed circuit board and electronic devices such as wires, batteries,..... What is Continuity in Electricity, Solar energy, like a battery that emits light when current passes it. Modern electronic devices or functions, such as pushbutton, rocker, momentary and others next... To a penny, you agree to the use of cookies on this website, batteries,.! Its Symbol and how to troubleshoot a circuit phone chargers among many other gadgets and.... The very first component that you should know about is the resistor value range chargers many! Are DC power supply and batteries a discrete form with two or connecting. Test Lamp and Multimeter temporarily store an electric charge the amount of capacitance of a given capacitor a! A lot of the books explained everything in a circuit this video, we have only discussed those.... And connections the following symbols show the different components that can be divided into silicon diodes and diodes. To transistors most commonly used component in electronic circuits help you bet- ter understand how to Faults! Parts usually packaged in a digital computer ‘ thinks ’ and functions band on the body of the used. This Electronics Tutorial website, is an Electronics Geek, Blogger and Young Entrepreneur MISC at of., an Active component is a device that acts as a source of,. For the functioning of the parts on the printed circuit board such as diodes, transistors, integrated or. Or functions, such as diodes, Inductors circuit analysis learned about the basic electronic components used in electronic.!

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